Nearly 140 years ago, Thomas Edison invented a power pen to quicken the process of creating duplicate copies of content. Little did he know that within 15 years, someone would discover how to convert his electric pens, called Stencil-Pens, into Tattoo Supplies. That somebody was Sam O’Reilly, who developed the very first ink tube and needle system for usage with Edison’s rotary-powered electric pens in 1851. Just 20 days after O’Reilly filed his tattoo ink reservoir patent, a gentleman called Thomas Riley patented the first single-coil tattoo machine all over the pond inside london, England. Immediately after, fellow Londoner Alfred Charles South came up with the first double-coil tattoo machine. The ideas laid forth by these founding fathers of recent tattooing have been steadily improved upon since that time.
The tattoo machine has evolved by leaps and bounds since O’Reilly, Riley and South invented the 1st three iterations of your rotary and coil tattoo machines. Coil tattoo machines are no more so heavy that they need to be suspended in the ceiling to get operable, like South’s first double-coil tattoo machine was. Rotary tattoo machines are more advanced and represent some of the quietest, gentlest tattoo machines available today. Let’s have a look at what makes these two types of modern-day tattoo machines tick.
How Rotary Tattoo Machines WorkRotary and coil tattoo machines operate in two various ways to achieve the same goal of inserting ink underneath the top of the skin (i.e. epidermis) and depositing it in the secondary layer of skin, referred to as dermis. Over a rotary tattoo machine, the needle bar is connected to a nub in addition to a cylindrical motor that spins clockwise, moving the needle bar forward and backward in the linear fashion since the motor rotates (see image to right). That motion inserts tattoo needles in to the skin and retracts them smoothly, in a number of constant, fluid motions. Coil tattoo machines work quite differently, in an infinitely more complicated fashion. They utilize electromagnetic current to produce and break a circuit in a cyclical fashion, moving the needles linked to the machine forward in to the skin as soon as the circuit is generated and retracting them when the circuit breaks.
When power is transported to a coil tattoo machine, both coils are charged and turned into an electromagnet (see image below). The electromagnet made by the coils pulls the machine’s armature bar down to the coils, which subsequently forces the attached tattoo needles down and to the skin. The downward motion of the armature bar pulls the leading spring down from it and results in the spring to disconnect from the contact screw above it that the second before had completed a circuit. How Coil Tattoo Machines WorkThat break in the circuit causes the electromagnetic field to collapse momentarily, releasing the armature bar in the coils. The spring attached to the armature bar wants to move back to its natural position, and yes it pulls the armature bar on top of it. As soon as the front spring reconnects with all the contact screw, the circuit and electromagnetic field are re-established. That starts the process all over again, pulling the armature bar back down, forcing the attached needles in to the skin, pulling the front spring out of the contact screw, and breaking the circuit yet again.
The way a coil machine is powered results in a hammer-like effect that drives tattoo needles in the skin more forcefully than they’d be moved from a rotary motor. There’s constant power delivered to a rotary motor that keeps it moving in a fluid, clockwise pattern, pushing needles in the skin and pulling them back out more smoothly. Rotary tattoo machines therefore are typically gentler onto the skin, and tattoos created with rotary tattoo machines often heal faster with less scarring–specially when inked by novice tattoo artists. Nevertheless, if you like the buzz of tattoo machines that’s traditionally associated with tattoo shops, then a coil tattoo machine is definitely the option for you–especially if you’re a skilled artist who can run a coil machine with finesse. Rotary machines are incredibly quiet in contrast, and there are fewer moving parts involved, which means they’re typically more low-maintenance than traditional coil machines.
So it will be simpler for you to evaluate coil and rotary tattoo machines side-by-side, we’ve provided the subsequent chart detailing the general advantages and disadvantages artists have raised about each type of machine. Please note that your particular artistic experience, the caliber of the machine you decide on, and your exposure to both primary varieties of tattoo machines will all impact the individual benefits and drawbacks you experience using a rotary tattoo machine versus a coil tattoo machine. These a few of the overall factors you should think of before deciding what sort of machine to acquire.
Once you’ve decided you want either a coil or possibly a rotary tattoo machine, it’s a chance to take a closer inspection with the tattoo machine brands and models available to you. The next list contains a few of the top options offered on PainfulPleasures.com. To get a comprehensive listing of the tattoo machines accessible to you, check out our Tattoo Machines section. You can even read our full Coil vs. Rotary Tattoo Machines article to get more in-depth details about the brands listed below, rotary and coil tattoo machine diagrams, and additional information regarding the differences between these two types of tattoo machines.
Baltimore Street Irons Tattoo MachinesBaltimore Street Irons Coil Tattoo Machines – This Pennsylvania-based tattoo machine company was established by Charles “Trey” Freeland in 2007, but Trey’s been making tattoo machines since 1996 and the man continues to have an energetic role in most aspects of his business. Every Baltimore Street Irons coil tattoo machine is crafted with great skill and dedication. Every one of the machine parts and tattoo machines they manufacture are thoroughly tested and are available tuned so they’re prepared to use right out of the box.Bishop Rotary Tattoo Machines
Bishop Rotary Tattoo Machines – These 4 oz. rotary tattoo machines are so perfectly balanced that they feel practically weightless with you. They alleviate wrist pain and symptoms of carpel tunnel syndrome, and allow artists to be effective faster and longer. Each Bishop Rotary machine has a Swiss Maxon motor encased in billet aircraft-grade aluminum. This machine utilizes a needle clip rather than traditional rubber band setup, eliminating unwanted needle motion. Each Round Liner HOLLOW is hand-assembled and guaranteed for life.
Borg Tattoo Machines Borg Coil Tattoo Machines – These traditional coil tattoo machines are handmade properly in the USA. Borg tattoo machines provide lightweight, single-piece aluminum frames, which make these appliances light overall and incredibly well-balanced. Each component of every machine is hand-crafted in Borg’s workshops, from the 8 wrap coils for their silver contact screws. Both Borg liners and shaders weigh in at just 5.5 oz. each, leading them to be very easy to maneuver when you tattoo.
Cheyenne Hawk Rotary Tattoo Machines – The Cheyenne Hawk Thunder and Spirit are two of the lightest tattoo machines in the marketplace, weighing in at roughly 3.9 oz. (110g) each with their grips attached. Cheyenne Hawk tattoo machines provide all some great benefits of rotary machines without sacrificing the feedback response built into coil tattoo machines, along with their fine craftsmanship gives artists the greatest level of control. They’re lightweight and versatile, and they also have long-life ball-bearing motors. You may use these dynamic rotary machines with nearly any conventional power source.
CTPS Saveria Tattoo MachinesCTPS Saveria Coil & Rotary Tattoo Machines – Top South American tattoo machine manufacturer CTPS Saveria is hand-crafting exquisite coil and rotary tattoo machines in Argentina for over 37 years. Each machine they produce is carefully hand-assembled over an 8-hour period. Their machines run strong even at low voltages and can be utilized immediately out from the box. CTPS Saveria offers several rotary tattoo machine options and 5 styles of coil tattoo machines that come with a number of liners, shaders and painters.Precision Tattoo Machines by CTPS Saveria
CTPS also manufactures Precision coil tattoo machines, that they make excusively for Painful Pleasures. The Precision brand encompasses lines of medical, piercing and tattoo supplies of the very best quality which can be sold for some of the finest prices you’ll find online, and our coil tattoo machines are no exception.
Dead Nuts Ink Coil Tattoo Machines – This California-based company employs a team of machining and engineering veterans at hand craft their fine coil tattoo machines from raw materials. Dead Nuts Ink Tattoo MachinesThey make their own hardware in-house and may customize any kind of their tattoo machines to fulfill specific artists’ needs. Each Dead Nuts Ink tattoo machine is crafted from a single-piece Cast Ductile Iron frame that’s finished in-house, hand-signed, numbered, perfectly tuned for immediate out-of-the-box use, and sent by using a lifetime warranty.
Dragonfly Tattoo Machines by Ink MachinesDragonfly Rotary Tattoo Machines by Ink Machines – This Swedish tattoo machine manufacturer uses its high quality facility and broad industry knowledge to create unique rotary tattoo machines at highly-competitive prices. Their Dragonfly rotary tattoo machine is surely an ergonomic, state-of-the-art machine made from the highest-quality materials available. It’s a lightweight, quiet machine having an adjustable suspension system that permits artists to simply adjust needle hitting force, and it includes a needle bar retainer. Utilize the Dragonfly tattoo machine with any standard grips, tubes, needles, and tattoo power supply.
Ego Apex Overkill & Little Ego Tattoo MachinesEgo Rotary Tattoo Machines – World-renowned tattoo artist Bez of Triplesix Studios developed the tiny Ego and Ego Apex Overkill having a wrist-friendly design that shifts all of the weight forward to give Ego tattoo machines an almost pen-like feel and artists maximum needle control. The Small Ego is made of quality, scratch-free plastics and possesses a unique UV coating which makes it simple to clean. The newer Ego Apex Overkill is crafted from a great block of aircraft aluminum that weighs under half a pound, and it comes with a Swiss-made Maxon Overkill motor. Use Bez’s power triangles by using these rotary machines to simulate the spring effect of coil tattoo machines and have the ideal give and throw each time you tattoo.
FK Irons Coil Tattoo Machines – All Fallen King Irons (FK Irons) AL13 coil tattoo machines are carefully-crafted from the hardest aircraft-grade aluminum available, leading them to be extremely lightweight whilst indestructible. FK Irons conventional and cutback lining and shading coil tattoo machines all weigh in at only 4.5 oz. (~127.6g) each. The cutback liners and shaders have a shorter front spring, hence they run faster even though used with the same voltage since the conventional liners and shaders. The lighter armature bar on FK Irons soft shaders allows them to run faster and a lot more softly than their color packers.
Godoy Tattoo MachinesGodoy Machines Coil Tattoo Machines – Godoy Machines specializes in innovation through experimentation. They strive to educate tattoo artists of most skill levels and offer the most updated tattooing information available through their seminars and books like Tattoo Machines as well as their Secrets. Godoy believes that you’ll be much better equipped to apply any tattoo after you completely understand how your tattoo machine functions, the basis behind their educational endeavors. Take advantage of the solid functionality of a Godoy coil tattoo machine and learn how it operates inside and out with Godoy Machines’ book, which can be found in both English and Spanish and in many different formats.
InkJecta Rotary Tattoo Machines – The InkJecta Flite v2.1 is manufactured in Australia for tattoo artists, by tattoo artists. These lightweight, long-lasting rotary tattoo machines use a long-grain “fiber” construction, plus they assist artists in creating superior tattoos. The InkJecta Flite v2.1 Combo and Vice models have brushless 5 watt Maxon motors which make these machines unique; they’re the only real rotary machines on the market that are able to run at lower speeds without sacrificing power or the quality of your job. Use the Combo model with adjustable grips as well as the Vice model with flex and fixed grips.
Pirat Tattoo MachinesPirat Coil Tattoo Machines – Pirat tattoo machines are handmade from the Czech Republic from durable iron and aluminum. These are precise, lightweight, smooth-running coil tattoo machines that are offered both in liner and shader varieties. Pirat offers their coil tattoo machines in 16 standardized models and a special combination of “one-piece only” machines. They also intend to release a fresh rotary tattoo machine later this coming year.Skin 2 Rotary Tattoo Machines
Skin 2 Rotary Tattoo Machines – The Facial Skin 2 rotary tattoo machine carries a unique adjustable give that permits you to set the machine “harder” for lining and “softer” for filling, shading and coloring utilizing the adjustment notches in the cap. These lightweight, silent machines from Italy also produce minimal vibrations. Each Skin 2 tattoo machine includes a Swiss-made motor and a needle clip instead of rubber bands, weighs about just 3.2 oz. (90g), and definately will support as much as 55 magnum needles. This is a fast, high-quality rotary tattoo machine that will help you ink an exceptional tattoo each and every time you use it.
Spektra Rotary Tattoo Machines by FK IronsSpektra Rotary Tattoo Machines by FK Irons – Together with their coil machines, FK Irons also provides a line of rotary tattoo machines. Choose from the Spektra Halo and Spektra Direkt rotary tattoo machines, which each offer unique advantages. The Spektra Halo tattoo machine delivers ultimate performance using its autoclavable body and innovative MotorBolt System. Having various MotorBolts offers you the flexibleness to alter stroke on the fly by just changing motors using the Halo’s easy 1/4-turn mechanism. The Spektra Direkt tattoo machine has body-mounted strokes that stay inside the machine body, and also the casing is precision-machined from solid aircraft-grade aluminum that’s anodized in the selection of 7 different colors. This 2.8 oz. machine is not difficult to move and carries with it an adjustable stroke module which has 3 setting options. It’s a virtually maintenance-free tattoo machine by using a Hex Drive motor system that reduces the axial load in the motor shaft to extend the motor’s life minimizing vibrations.Stigma Rotary Tattoo Machines.
Stigma-Rotary Tattoo Machines – Stigma-Rotary tattoo machines are durable, ergonomic, and easy to move rotary machines made by a world-leading tattoo machine manufacturer. These sleek-looking machines come with the most powerful Swiss-made Maxon motors out there, and they’re finished with a long lasting sheen that keeps them looking pristine even after numerous years of use. Stigma-Rotary tattoo machines are reliable, powerful and stylish rotary machines which come with an 21dexjpky warranty. Choose between 4 styles, like the Amen, the Beast, the Hyper V3, as well as the Prodigy, in addition to a large variety of Stigma rotary machine parts that you can use to keep your machine working efficiently.
Tatmatic Tattoo MachinesTatmatic Mfg. Coil Tattoo Machines – Tatmatic Manufacturing delivers a brand of coil tattoo machines produced by Dave Ritchie, who builds high-quality machines exclusively for professional tattoo artists. The standard of his work shows in every single one of Tatmatic’s hard-hitting, precise and trendy coil tattoo machines. Both our Tatmatic liners and shaders feature 6 wrap coils.
Valor Direct Rotary Tattoo Machines by TatSoul – After more than 2 yrs in development, the Valor by TatSoul is finally here! These rotary tattoo machines were produced by a number of the finest tattoo artists in the marketplace with impeccable craftsmanship and the goal of developing a rotary machine that outperforms other tattoo machines in every single possible way. The Valor Direct rotary tattoo machine features a sleek yet practical body that conveys its power and sturdiness. Each Valor Direct machine is hand-assembled and tested by TatSoul’s in-house team to ensure perfection in fit and performance. They are strong, lightweight, Round Liner HOLLOW that perform brilliantly.
Vital Tattoo MachinesVital Machines Coil Tattoo Machines – Vital Machines strives for the highest build quality in the business, they’re continuously improving their machines, they don’t cut corners, and their staff is composed of machinists, designers, engineers, and tattoo artists with several years of industry experience. With one of these standards in position, Vital Machines has produced a brand of versatile coil tattoo machines which are lightweight, agile, adjustable, powerful, durable, and able to work with everyone day, every day. Vital Machines come in the usa from aircraft-grade aluminum, along with their easy-to-clean, professionally-anodized exteriors won’t chip or fade. Inside they include the highest grade of magnetic steel, insulators made from durable aircraft composite that doesn’t crack or distort, highly-conductive brass and copper electrical components, and mechanical parts produced from tempered tool steel that won’t dent, bend or break.
Welker Coil & Rotary Tattoo Machines – Each precision Welker tattoo machine is CNC machined from a single component of 1018 Cold-Rolled Steel in Welker’s state-of-the-art machine shop. Welker coil tattoo machines are offered with the selection of a blue “antique” or black oxide frame finish, both of which have finished brass binding posts and make contact with screws. Welker Rotary Tattoo MachinesYou can make use of nearly any size and style of tubes with these hand-tuned machines, which come with unique Welker grips and they are guaranteed forever. In addition to their coil machines, Welker also now offers both a standard rotary and an adjustable rotary tattoo machine. The adjustable machine features a spring tension that you could screw to regulate the hit to the preference, whereas the regular rotary machine comes with a medium throw and the ability to adjust the hit from the power supply.